Date, History, Facts about Andorra
Constitution Day in Andorra is observed annually on March 14 to commemorate the 1993 constitutional referendum conducted in the Principality of Andorra. The inhabitants call it Dia de la Constitución. Did you know that Andorra is Europe’s sixth-smallest country? Certainly, Andorra is a small country in Europe that is renowned as a tourist paradise. Therefore, let’s learn more about the annals of the constitutions of this country.
The background of Constitution Day in Andorra
Each year, Andorra celebrates the Principality of Andorra on Constitution Day. This small nation with a population of less than 100,000 is situated between France and Spain in the high Pyrenean mountains. The history of Andorra’s Constitution Day is fascinating.
A few centuries ago, in 803 A.D., Charlemagne established a small nation as a mere buffer zone in order to halt the advance of Islamic Muslims into France. Louis I, the Pious, son of Charlemagne, decided to give the citizens of that nation a charter of liberties so they could effectively resist the Islamic Moors.
Later in the 13th century, Andorra became a co-principality because it was jointly governed by two princes: the leader of France and the Spanish Bishop of Urgell. By 1993, the nation realised it needed to refresh and renew its laws and constitution, as well as its laws. In an effort to join the United Nations and Council of Europe, this was done.
As a consequence, the people of Andorra approved the new constitution. A month later, on March 14, 1993, 74.2% of voters in a referendum approved the first constitution of Andorra, the supreme legislation of the principality. It contains 107 articles that guarantee everyone’s equality before the law.
Due to an increase in tourism, Andorra has considerably improved its communication and transportation systems over the years. On Constitution Day, all Andorran enterprises are closed in observance of this important occasion.
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5 essential facts about Andorra
Andorra is the only country in the world with co-principality, meaning two monarchs share the title of Prince.
It’s only about 25 miles from one side of the country to the other, so it shouldn’t take more than an hour to reach the opposite end of the nation.
Andorra is the only nation in which Catalan is the official language.
Andorra has never had its own national bank or currency; it employs the Euro.
With over 10 million annual visitors and a population of only 77,000, Andorra has the highest number of tourists per capita in the globe.
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CONSTITUTION DAY IN ANDORRA DATES