Date, History, Facts about Vaccine
National Vaccination Day occurs annually on March 16. The day highlights the significance of vaccination and its role in maintaining public health. On this date in 1995, the first oral polio vaccine dose was administered in India. Immunization or vaccination is the most effective method for preventing highly infectious diseases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), immunization is a proven method for controlling and eradicating infectious diseases that pose a threat to human life. Vaccination is essential for enhancing public health and life expectancy standards, as well as social and economic impact at the national and local levels.
The background of National Vaccination Day
Vaccination is an ancient practice that extends back hundreds of years. Inoculation against smallpox may have been utilized by the Chinese as early as the year 1000. Even Africans and Turks practiced it prior to its arrival in Europe and the Americas.
In 1976, after inoculating a 13-year-old boy with vaccinia virus (cowpox) and demonstrating the boy’s immunity to smallpox, Edward Jenner is recognized as the founder of vaccinology. The first smallpox vaccine was developed in 1798, and mass smallpox immunization in the 18th and 19th centuries led to the eradication of the disease in 1979. Louis Pasteur’s experiments led to the development of cholera and inactivated anthrax vaccines, as well as the invention of the plague vaccine in the late 19th century. Between 1890 and 1950, the development of bacterial vaccines increased, including the still-used BCG vaccine. In 1923, Alexander Glenny researched the ideal method to inactivate tetanus toxin with formaldehyde. In 1926, he used the same method to create the diphtheria vaccine. The development of viral tissue culture techniques between 1950 and 1985 led to the creation of the Salk and Sabin polio vaccines. Due to widespread immunization, polio is virtually eradicated in many countries around the world.
In the past two decades, we have made significant advances in vaccinology, including the successful development and production of recombinant hepatitis B and seasonal influenza vaccines. With the advancement of technology, we will see even more effective vaccines, including therapeutic vaccines for allergies, autoimmune diseases, and dependencies.
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Specifically, more than 2.5 million each year.
Some vaccines are administered via injection, while others are taken orally.
Since 1997, no cases of smallpox have been reported.
Vaccines do not contain the active virus; instead, they imitate the virus.
At eight weeks, infants receive their first vaccination, followed by 12 weeks, 16 weeks, etc.
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NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY DATES